Category Archives: Selections

SIGMUND FREUD
(1856-1939)

from Psychopathology of Everyday Life
from Contributions to a Discussion on    Suicide
from Mourning and Melancholia
from The Psychogenesis of a Case of    Homosexuality in a Woman
from The Economic Problem of    Masochism

  Freud was born in Freiberg in Mähren, in what is now Czechoslovakia. His intellectual gifts were apparent early on, and at 17, he entered the University of Vienna to study medicine. He published his first academic paper at 20 … Continue reading

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Filed under Freud, Sigmund, Psychiatry, Selections, The Modern Era

HINDU WIDOW
(c. 1889)

The Plight of Hindu Widows as Described by a Widow Herself

  This anonymous selection was originally published in the Methodist Church Missionary Society’s magazine The Gospel in All Lands in April of 1889. Little is known about its author or its exact date of composition, except that the author, “a … Continue reading

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Filed under Asia, Hindu Widow, anonymous, Hinduism, Honor and Disgrace, Love, Selections, Slavery, The Modern Era

FRIEDRICH NIETZSCHE
(1844-1900)

from Thus Spake Zarathustra:    Voluntary Death
from The Twilight of the Idols: A Moral    for Doctors

  Friedrich Nietzsche, one of the most influential and controversial figures in German philosophical thought, was born in Rocken, Prussia, and studied theology and classical philology at the University of Bonn. One year later, he gave up theology, having lost … Continue reading

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Filed under Dignity, Europe, Nietzsche, Friedrich, Selections, The Modern Era

WILLIAM JAMES
(1842-1910)

from The Principles of Psychology
from Is Life Worth Living?

  The son of the eccentric American philosopher Henry James, Sr., who was influenced by Swedenborgianism and Fourierism, and the brother of Henry James, the eminent novelist and literary critic, William James became a major figure in both philosophy and … Continue reading

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Filed under Americas, Christianity, Illness and Old Age, James, William, Selections, The Modern Era, Value of Life

EDUARD VON HARTMANN
(1842-1906)

from Philosophy of the Unconscious

  Born in Berlin in 1842, Karl Robert Eduard von Hartmann initially intended to embark on a military career. However, plagued by a problem with his knee, he turned to philosophy, obtaining a doctorate from the University of Rostock. Hartmann … Continue reading

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Filed under Christianity, Europe, Hartmann, Eduard von, Selections, The Modern Era

ARCTIC INDIGENOUS CULTURES
(documented 1840-1940)

Eskimo of Diomede Island: Father and Son (Edward Moffat Weyer, 1932) Aleut: Are the Aleut Prone to Commit Suicide? (Veniaminov, 1840) St. Lawrence Eskimo: Notes on Eskimo Patterns of Suicide (Leighton and Hughes, 1940) Ingalik: Suicide as Shameful or Insane … Continue reading

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Filed under Arctic, Arctic Cultures, Arctic Indigenous Cultures, Indigenous Cultures, Selections, The Early Modern Period, The Modern Era

A.B. MITFORD, LORD REDESDALE
(1837-1916)

from An Account of the Hara-Kiri

  Algernon Bertram Freeman-Mitford, 1st Baron of Redesdale, was the second secretary to the British Legation in Japan when he published Tales of Old Japan (1871), a collection of stories, fairy tales, accounts of superstitions, sermons, and other short pieces … Continue reading

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Filed under Asia, Europe, Mitford, A. B., Lord Redesdale, Selections, The Modern Era

ROBERT G. INGERSOLL
(1833-1899)

from Is Suicide a Sin? Col. Ingersoll’s Reply to his Critics

  Robert Green Ingersoll, raised in New England as the son of a Congregational minister, became a noted agnostic lecturer. The family moved often because of his father’s unpopularity for his liberal views; when young Ingersoll was nine, his father … Continue reading

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Filed under Americas, Illness and Old Age, Ingersoll, Robert, Rights, Selections, The Modern Era

FYODOR DOSTOEVSKY
(1821-1881)

from The Diary of a Writer
  • In Lieu of a Preface on the Great and Little Bear, on the Prayer of the Great Goethe, And, Generally, on Bad Habits
  • Two Suicides
  • The Verdict
  • Arbitrary Assertions
  • A Few Words About Youth
  • On Suicides and Haughtiness
  • The Boy Celebrating His Saint’s Day
  • The Dream of a Strange Man: A Fantastic Story

  Fyodor Dostoevsky was born in Moscow, the second child of a civil servant, a surgeon in a hospital for the poor. Despite their love of literature, Dostoevsky’s father compelled his sons to attend the St. Petersburg Academy of Engineers … Continue reading

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Filed under Dostoevsky, Fyodor, Europe, Selections, The Modern Era

FLORENCE NIGHTINGALE
(1820-1910)

from Note, Christmas Eve, 1850
from Nightingale’s draft novel
from Draft for Suggestions for Thought    to Searchers After Religious Truth    (1860)
from Notes on Nursing for the    Labouring Classes (1861)
from Note to Benjamin Jowett (c. 1866)
Reflections on
George MacDonald’s    Novel, Robert Falconer (1868)
Truth and Feeling (1871 or later)

from Notes on Egypt: Mysticism and    Eastern Religions

  Florence Nightingale was born in Florence, Italy (hence her name), but raised by her wealthy family in England, educated primarily by her father. As a member of the upper class, she was expected to marry, to visit, and to … Continue reading

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Filed under Christianity, Europe, Illness and Old Age, Nightingale, Florence, Selections, The Modern Era